Human coronaviruses1 are common throughout the world. Human coronaviruses commonly cause mild to moderate illness. Two newer human coronaviruses, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, have been known to cause severe illness. A novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV, emerged in 2019 and is causing concern.
What is 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease (2019-nCoV)?2
What are the healthcare infection control precautions for 2019-nCoV?3
Although the transmission dynamics have yet to be determined, CDC currently recommends a cautious approach to patients under investigation for 2019 Novel Coronavirus:
What hand hygiene products are effective against 2019-nCoV?
Washing your hands often with soap and water is one of the best ways to avoid transmission of emerging pathogens. The World Health Organization recommends performing hand hygiene with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available. The US Food and Drug Administration regulates claims on both medicated, antimicrobial soaps and on alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Claims related to efficacy against viruses are not allowed on any medicated, antimicrobial soaps nor on any alcohol-based hand sanitizers in the United States.
What disinfectants are effective against 2019-nCoV?
2019-nCoV is caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus. The EPA has developed the “Guidance to Registrants: Process for making claims against emerging viral pathogens not on EPA-registered disinfectant labels”.6 This document provides general guidance to disinfectant manufacturers and addresses public concerns on a process that can be used to identify effective disinfectants for use against emerging viral pathogens. It permits manufacturers to make limited claims about their product’s efficacy against such pathogens once the EPA confirms the product meets the eligibility criteria outlined in the guidance.
The products in the table below meet the criteria for claims against emerging viral pathogens and therefore can be used against 2019 Novel Coronavirus when used in accordance with the directions for use against the listed supporting virus on hard, non-porous surfaces. Contact your Ecolab Account Executive for additional product information.
DAZO™ fluorescent marker is an objective method to evaluate the thoroughness of the cleaning process, rather than the presence of organic material or pathogens.5 Other environmental monitoring methods intended to measure organic load (e.g. ATP)6 or bacterial burden (e.g. bacterial cultures) do not detect viruses. Even with the best EVS staff in the world, without an effective environmental hygiene monitoring tool such as DAZO fluorescent marker, there is no way to determine the effectiveness of their cleaning practices.
|ECOLAB PRODUCT NAME||ITEM NUMBER (Package Size)||DILUTION RATE||CONTACT TIME||EPA REG. #||SUPPORTING VIRUS|
|A-456 II™ DISINFECTANT CLEANER||6166931 (2x1.3L)
||0.5-1 oz/gal||10 minutes||6836-78-1677||Norovirus (Feline calicivirus surrogate)|
|NEUTRAL DISINFECTANT CLEANER||6027314 (4x1gal)
6100836 (50x1oz Pour Pak)
|0.5-1 oz/gal||10 minutes||47371-129-1677||Adenovirus|
|OXYCIDE™ DAILY DISINFECTANT CLEANER||6000189 (2x96oz)
||3 oz/gal||3 minutes||1677-237||Norovirus (Feline calicivirus surrogate)|
|QUATERNARY DISINFECTANT CLEANER||6063304 (4x1gal)
||6836-78-1677||Norovirus (Feline calicivirus surrogate)|
|TB DISINFECTANT CLEANER RTU||6143556 (12x32oz)
What work is still ongoing?
For More Information:
World Health Organization, Coronavirus: www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coronavirus Summary. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019 Novel Coronavirus. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/summary.html
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Interim Healthcare Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients Under Investigation for 2019 Novel Coronavirus. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/infection-control.html
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hospital Preparedness Checklist for Suspected or Confirmed 2019-nCoV Patients. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/hcp-hospital-checklist.html
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Options for Evaluating Environmental Cleaning. www.cdc.gov/HAI/toolkits/Evaluating-Environmental-Cleaning.html
6. Environmental Protection Agency, Emerging Viral Pathogen Guidance for Antimicrobial Pesticides. www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/emerging-viral-pathogen-guidance-antimicrobial-pesticides